NEW DELHI – The trade spat between India, the world’s biggest palm oil buyer, and Malaysia seems to be escalating, with an influential processors’ group in Mumbai asking its members to refrain from buying the tropical oil from the second-largest producer.
Futures in Kuala Lumpur fell on Tuesday (Oct 22).
Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad last month told the United Nations that India “invaded and occupied” Kashmir. Since then, Indian buyers of palm oil have been turning to Indonesia for supplies because of concerns that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will curb purchases of the vegetable oil from Malaysia.
“The recent developments pertaining to strained relations between our nation and Malaysia have put a lot of responsibility on our industry in view of huge imports of palm oil” from the South-east Asian country, the Solvent Extractors’ Association of India said in a statement on Monday.
“In your own interest as well as a mark of solidarity with our nation, we should avoid purchases from Malaysia for the time being.”
Any action by India to stop palm oil purchases will hit at the heart of Malaysia’s industry. Palm oil is the country’s biggest agricultural export, with India purchasing about 3.9 million tonnes between January and September, worth about US$2 billion (S$2.72 billion). That’s more than double last year’s shipments after New Delhi cut import duties on the commodity in January 2019.
Malaysia will seek a diplomatic solution if India restricts imports of some products, Tun Dr Mahathir has said.
Palm oil in Kuala Lumpur fell 0.7 per cent to RM2,268 (S$738) a tonne, retreating again after closing at the highest in eight months last Friday.
“It’s huge step and will have a negative impact on Malaysian palm producers,” said Mr Gnanasekar Thiagarajan, head of trading and hedging strategies at Kaleesuwari Intercontinental. “Though there is enough oil in the pipeline, some tightness in the palm oil market is expected due to the developments, which could benefit other vegetable oils.”
The spat is the latest regional diplomatic dispute to impact trade flows. South Korea and Japan’s disagreement earlier this year over the latter’s colonisation of the Korean peninsula has resulted in stricter export checks and hits to tourism, while the China-United States conflict over issues including intellectual property has roiled global trade flows and financial markets.
Indian processors should boost purchases of vegetable oils from other countries such as Indonesia, Ukraine and Argentina to make up for the shortfall in purchases from Malaysia, said Mr B V Mehta, executive director of the processors’ group.