What is the maximum limit for PGPR used in chocolate in Malaysia and Japan?


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  1. Ricebowl Food Expert
    March 11, 2019 at 5:14 pm

    Table below states the maximum limit for PGPR to be used in chocolates in Malaysia and Japan.


    Category Country Usage of PGPR Maximum limit
    Chocolate Malaysia Permitted 5000 mg/kg* or PGPR, in a proportion not exceeding 0.5% if the total emulsifier content of the chocolate does not exceed 1.5%
    Japan Permitted GMP


    *When used in combination as emulsifiers: ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid (INS 442), polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid (INS 476), sorbitan monostearate (INS 491), sorbitan tristearate (INS 492), and polysorbates (polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monolaurate (INS 432), polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan monooleate (INS 433), polyoxyethylene (20), sorbitan monostearate (INS 435) and polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan tristearate (INS 436)) – the total combined use level shall not exceed 15,000 mg/kg.



    • Ministry of Health Malaysia. (2017). Food Regulations 1985.
    • Codex Alimentarius Commission. (2003). Standard for Chocolate and Chocolate Products (Codex Stan 87-1981).
    • Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare Japan. (2009). Japan’s Specifications and Standards for Food Additives, Eighth Edition (JSFA-VIII).

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